Wastewater management in India has always been a major unresolved issue for ages. Untreated sewage waste is ordinarily generated from showers, bathtubs, washing machines, dishwashers, kitchen sink and toilets i.e, eighty per cent of water leaves from home as sewage. By vital statistics, India generates a staggering 1.7 million tonnes of faecal waste per day.
Generally, in India water pollution is caused due to several reasons such as huge population, inadequate capacity of sewage treatment, and its disposal, which lead to unhygienic and unsanitary conditions.
It's better to avoid pour households products such as beauty products, medicines, automobile oil and paints down to drain, In order to reduce the pollutants.
A majority of people in rural areas still depend on open water bodies such as river, stream, pond etc.. as a source of drinking water but the polluting water affect the quality of drinking water. Very often it tends to contribute many water-borne diseases. Untreated waste poses a risk to human health. 21% of communicable diseases are caused by contaminated water. Contaminated water can cause many types of diarrheal diseases, including cholera and guinea worm disease, typhoid, dysentery, Gastroenteritis, Giardiasis, Hepatitis A and Leptospirosis. Water-related diseases raise up to 3.4 million death such as the year.
The sewage often carries harmful viruses and bacteria into the environment causing health problems. But the current piped sewerage system is not efficient because these systems do not treat waste and its mere transport away. So that it becomes more toxic and unsafe for the common people and it also polluting the environment.
The untreated wastes become communal nuisance and eyesore. An outcome of untreated wastes cause respiratory issues and direct contact with wastes can result in skin and blood infections through wounds. Everyone wants to live in a fresh and clean locality but this waste tends to be a poor sanitary place.
Since most of the communities of people do not have any plan and capacity to treat all the sewage. And they do not bother about our environmental pollution by sewage. Apart from this, the outstrips of nitrogen pollution in India is also brings the valuable purpose of alteration that as untreated sewage waste has also been used for cultivation. Due to lack of water, a man proves that the sewage wastewater used to grow up Morus alba (mulberry tree specific for silkworm feeding).
Treated sewage can also be used for agricultural and industrial production.
At this point of time, a potential remedy for our country is to build drains, sewers and treatment plants with the help of civic administrations.
In fact, now we run the real risk of eventually choking or being poisoned by our own waste.
According to the Indian nitrogen group, a task force of scientist tracking the issues i.e, the amount of reactive nitrogen in the bulk of water bodies in India which is already crossed over the limit prescribed by WHO as well as sewage coming across the border is hazard to the environment and public health.
Therefore, upgrading treatment to secondary standards is important and people should be aware of hazards waste and have to take part in it. Furthermore, new developments would have built their own private sewage treatment works which could subsequently be passed over or utilised for their own use.